Purchase includes a free trial membership in the publishers book club where you can select from more than a million books without charge. Chapters: Battle of Okinawa, Kenzabur e, Minoru ta, Mitsuru Ushijima, Isamu Ch, Tsushima Maru, HimeyuriMorePurchase includes a free trial membership in the publishers book club where you can select from more than a million books without charge. Chapters: Battle of Okinawa, Kenzabur e, Minoru ta, Mitsuru Ushijima, Isamu Ch, Tsushima Maru, Himeyuri Students, Yoshiko Sakurai, Toyama Maru.
Source: Wikipedia. Free updates online. Not illustrated. Excerpt: The Battle of Okinawa, codenamed Operation Iceberg, was fought on the Ryukyu Islands of Okinawa and was the largest amphibious assault in the Pacific War. The 82-day-long battle lasted from early April until mid-June, 1945.
The battle has been referred to as the Typhoon of Steel in English, and tetsu no ame (rain of steel) or tetsu no b f (violent wind of steel) in Japanese. The nicknames refer to the ferocity of the fighting, the intensity of gunfire involved, and to the sheer numbers of Allied ships and armored vehicles that assaulted the island.
The battle resulted in one of the highest number of casualties of any World War II engagement. Japan lost over 100,000 troops, and the Allies suffered more than 50,000 casualties. Simultaneously, more than 100,000 civilians (12,000 in action) were killed, wounded, or committed suicide. Approximately one-quarter of the civilian population died due to the invasion.
Five divisions of the U.S. Tenth Army, the 7th, 27th, 77th, 81st, and 96th, and two Marine Divisions, the 1st and 6th, fought on the island while the 2nd Marine Division remained as an amphibious reserve and was never brought ashore. The invasion was supported by naval, amphibious, and tactical air forces. The main objective of the operation was to seize a large island only 340 miles away from mainland Japan. After a long campaign of island hopping, the Allies were approaching Japan, and planned to use Okinawa as a base for air operations on the planned invasion of Japanese mainland, coded Operation Downfall.
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